# Dictionary Definition

analysis

### Noun

1 an investigation of the component parts of a
whole and their relations in making up the whole

2 the abstract separation of a whole into its
constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations
[syn: analytic
thinking] [ant: synthesis]

3 a form of literary criticism in which the
structure of a piece of writing is analyzed

4 the use of closed-class words instead of
inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the
bride's father'

5 a branch of mathematics involving calculus and
the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and
differentiation

6 a set of techniques for exploring underlying
motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on
the theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended
psychoanalysis" [syn: psychoanalysis, depth
psychology] [also: analyses (pl)]

# User Contributed Dictionary

see Analysis

## English

### Etymology

From analysis from ἀνάλυσις from ἀναλύω from ἀνά + λύω.### Noun

- The action of taking something apart in order to study it.
- The mathematical study of functions, sequences, series, limits, derivatives and integrals.
- Proof by deduction from known truths.
- The process of breaking a substance down into its constituent parts.
- The result of this process.

#### Antonyms

#### Derived terms

- analysis of algorithms
- analysis of variance
- aura analysis
- bowling analysis
- chemical analysis
- competitive analysis
- complex analysis
- computer program analysis
- cost-benefit analysis
- cryptanalysis
- dimensional analysis
- discourse analysis
- finite element analysis
- frequency analysis
- functional analysis
- fundamentals analysis
- harmonic analysis
- independent components analysis
- infinitesimal analysis
- isotope analysis
- lexical analysis
- life cycle cost analysis
- link quality analysis
- lithic analysis
- logical analysis
- meta-analysis
- musical analysis
- neutron activation analysis
- nonstandard analysis
- numerical analysis
- object-oriented analysis and design
- path quality analysis
- principal components analysis
- psychoanalysis
- real analysis
- Schenkerian analysis
- semantic analysis
- spectral analysis
- static code analysis
- statistical analysis
- structured analysis
- syntax analysis
- system analysis
- systems analysis
- technical analysis
- time-series analysis
- transactional analysis
- voice analysis

#### Related terms

#### Translations

action of taking something apart to study it

- Arabic: تحليل
- Catalan: anàlisi
- Chinese: 分析 (fēn xī)
- Crimean Tatar: talil, analiz
- Croatian: analiza
- Danish: analyse
- Dutch: analyse, ontleding
- Finnish: analyysi, tutkiminen, tarkastelu
- French: analyse
- German: Analyse
- Greek: ανάλυση (análysi)
- Hebrew: ניתוח (nituakh)
- Italian: analisi
- Japanese: 分析
- Korean: 분석 (bune-seok)
- Norwegian: analyse
- Polish: analiza
- Portuguese: análise
- Spanish: análisis
- Swedish: analys
- Telugu: విశ్లేషణ (viSlaeshaNa)

in mathematics

- Arabic: تحليل رياضي
- Chinese: 分析 (fēn xī)
- Crimean Tatar: talil, analiz
- Croatian: analiza
- Czech: analýza
- Danish: analyse
- Dutch: analyse
- Finnish: analyysi
- French: analyse
- German: Analysis
- Greek: ανάλυση (análysi)
- Hungarian: analízis
- Japanese: 解析学
- Norwegian: analyse
- Polish: analiza
- Portuguese: análise
- Spanish: análisis
- Swedish: analys

logic: proof by deduction from known truths

- Croatian: analiza
- Japanese: qualifier method 解析; qualifier philosophical analysis 分析判断
- Polish: analiza

chemistry: process of breaking a substance down

- Arabic: تحليل مختبري
- Crimean Tatar: talil, analiz
- Croatian: analiza
- Czech: rozbor, analýza
- Danish: analyse
- Dutch: analyse
- Finnish: analyysi
- German: Analyse
- Greek: ανάλυση (análysi)
- Japanese: 分析
- Polish: analiza
- Portuguese: análise
- Swedish: analys

chemistry: result of this process

- Arabic: تحليل معملي
- Crimean Tatar: talil, analiz
- Croatian: analiza
- Danish: analyse
- Dutch: analyse
- German: Analyse
- Greek: ανάλυση (análysi)
- Japanese: 分析
- Norwegian: analyse
- Portuguese: análise
- Swedish: analys

- ttbc Interlingua: analyse

#### See also

## Latin

### Etymology

From analysis### Noun

analysis (plural: analyses)- analysis

# Extensive Definition

seealso Analytic Analysis
(from Greek
ἀνάλυσις, "a breaking up") is the process of breaking a complex
topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better
understanding of it. The technique has been applied in the study of
mathematics and logic since before Aristotle, though
analysis as a formal concept is a relatively recent
development.

As a formal concept, the method has variously
been ascribed to Ibn
al-Haytham, Descartes
(Discourse
on the Method), Galileo, and
Newton, as a
practical method of physical discovery.

## Use in specific fields

### Chemistry

The field of chemistry uses analysis to break down chemical processes and examine chemical reactions between elements of matter. For example, analysis of the concentration of elements is important in managing a nuclear reactor, so nuclear scientists will analyze neutron activation to develop discrete measurements within vast samples. A matrix can have a considerable effect on the way a chemical analysis is conducted and the quality of its results. Analysis can be done manually or with a device. Chemical analysis is an important element of national security among the major world powers with Materials Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) capabilities.#### Isotopes

Chemists can use isotopes to assist analysts with issues in anthropology, archeology, food chemistry, forensics, geology, and a host of other questions of physical science. Analysts can discern the origins of natural and man-made isotopes in the study of environmental radioactivity.### Computer science

- Analysis of algorithms
- Competitive analysis (online algorithm), shows how online algorithms perform and demonstrates the power of randomization in algorithms
- Worst-case execution time, determines the longest time that a piece of software can take to run
- Program analysis (computer science), the process of automatically analysing the behavior of computer programs
- Static code analysis, the analysis of computer software that is performed without actually executing programs built from that software
- Syntax analysis, a process in compilers that recognizes the structure of programming languages, also known as parsing
- Semantic analysis (computer science), a pass by a compiler that adds semantical information to the parse tree and performs certain checks
- Lexical analysis, the process of processing an input sequence of characters and producing as output a sequence of symbols
- Object-oriented analysis and design, à la Booch
- Structured Systems Analysis and Design Methodology, à la Yourdon

### Economics

- Business analysis, analysing which way improvement of IT systems increases business performance
- Agroecosystem analysis
- Financial analysis, the analysis of the accounts and the economic prospects of a firm
- Fundamental analysis, a stock valuation method that uses financial analysis
- Input-output model if applied to a region, is called Regional Impact Multiplier System
- Principal components analysis, a technique that can be used to simplify a dataset
- Technical analysis, the study of price action in securities markets in order to forecast future prices
- Price Analysis, involves the breakdown of a price to a unit figure
- Market analysis, consists of suppliers and customers, and price is determined by the interaction of supply and demand

### Engineering

seealso Engineering analysis Analysts in the field of engineering look at structures, mechanisms, systems and dimensions. Electrical engineers analyze systems in electronics. Life cycles and system failures are broken down and studied by engineers.### Intelligence

seealso Intelligence analysis The field of intelligence employs analysts to break down and understand a wide array of questions. intelligence agencies may use heuristics, inductive and deductive reasoning, social network analysis, dynamic network analysis, link analysis, and brainstorming to sort through problems they face. Military intelligence may explore issues through the use of game theory, Red Teaming, and wargaming. Signals intelligence applies cryptanalysis and frequency analysis to break codes and ciphers. Business intelligence applies theories of competitive intelligence analysis and competitor analysis to resolve questions in the marketplace. Law enforcement intelligence applies a number of theories in crime analysis.### Linguistics

seealso Linguistics Linguistics began with the analysis of Sanskrit; today it looks at individual languages and language in general. It breaks language down and analyzes its component parts: theory, sounds and their meaning, utterance usage, word origins, the history of words, the meaning of words and word combinations, sentence construction, basic construction beyond the sentence level, stylistics, and conversation. It examines the above using statistics and modeling, and semantics. It analyzes language in context of anthropology, biology, evolution, geography, history, neurology, psychology, and sociology. It also takes the applied approach, looking at individual language development and clinical issues.### Literary criticism

- Analysis (Homer), an influential school of thought in Homeric scholarship in the 19th-20th centuries
- Psychocriticism, Charles Mauron's method based on Freud's own initial interpretations of literary works such as Hamlet

### Mathematics

- Mathematical analysis, the generic name given to any branch of mathematics that depends upon the concepts of limits and convergence
- Complex analysis
- Fourier analysis
- Functional analysis
- Harmonic analysis
- Non-standard analysis
- Numerical analysis, the study of algorithms for the problems of continuous mathematics
- Real analysis
- Constructivist analysis

### Music

- Musical analysis, a process attempting to answer the question "How does this music work?"
- Schenkerian analysis

### Philosophy

- Philosophical analysis, a general term for the techniques used by philosophers
- Analysis is the name of a prominent journal in philosophy.

### Psychotherapy

- Psychoanalysis, seeks to elucidate connections among unconscious components of patients' mental processes
- Transactional analysis

### Signal processing

- Finite element analysis, a computer simulation technique used in engineering analysis
- Independent component analysis
- Link quality analysis, the analysis of signal quality
- Path quality analysis

### Statistics

- Analysis of variance (ANOVA), a collection of statistical models and their associated procedures which compare means by splitting the overall observed variance into different parts
- Meta-analysis, combines the results of several studies that address a set of related research hypotheses
- Time-series analysis, methods that attempt to understand a sequence of data points spaced apart at uniform time intervals

### Other

- Aura analysis, a technique in which supporters of the method claim that the body's aura, or energy field is analysed
- Bowling analysis, a notation summarizing a cricket bowler's performance
- Lithic analysis, the analysis of stone tools using basic scientific techniques
- Protocol analysis, a means for extracting persons' thoughts while they are performing a task

## See also

- List of thinking-related topics
- Scientific method
- Synthesis - the converse of analysis

## References

analysis in Catalan: Anàlisi

analysis in German: Analyse#Siehe_auch

analysis in Spanish: Análisis

analysis in French: Analyse

analysis in Korean: 해석학

analysis in Croatian: Analiza

analysis in Indonesian: Analisis

analysis in Ido: Analizo

analysis in Italian: Analisi

analysis in Hebrew: אנליזה

analysis in Latvian: Analīze

analysis in Luxembourgish: Analys

analysis in Macedonian: Анализа

analysis in Dutch: Analyse

analysis in Norwegian: Analyse

analysis in Japanese: 分析

analysis in Polish: Analiza

analysis in Portuguese: Análise

analysis in Russian: Анализ

analysis in Albanian: Analiza

analysis in Simple English: Analysis

analysis in Slovak: Analýza

analysis in Slovenian: Analiza

analysis in Finnish: Analyysi

analysis in Swedish: Analys

analysis in Turkish: Analiz

analysis in Ukrainian: Аналіз

# Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Baconian method, Boolean algebra, Euclidean
geometry, Fourier analysis, Lagrangian function, a fortiori
reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, abstraction, accounting, airing, algebra, algebraic geometry,
alteration, analytic
geometry, anatomization, anatomy, arithmetic, arrangement, assay, associative algebra,
atomization,
audit, automatic
electronic navigation, binary arithmetic, braking, breakdown, breakup, buzz session, calculus, canvassing, cataloging, categorization, change, checkup, circle geometry,
circumstantiation,
classification,
codification,
colloquium, comment, commentary, commentation, computation, conference, consideration, coordination, critical
review, criticism,
critique, debate, debating, decomposition, deduction, deductive
reasoning, deliberation, demarcation, depth
interview, depth psychology, descriptive geometry, desynonymization,
diaeresis, dialectic, dialogue, differencing, differential
calculus, differentiation,
discrimination,
discussion, disequalization,
disintegration,
disjunction,
dissection, distinction, distinguishment,
diversification,
division, division
algebra, doctrinairism, doctrinality, doctrinarity, dream
analysis, dream symbolism, editorial, enquiry, epagoge, equivalent algebras,
examination,
exchange of views, explanation, fact
distribution, filing,
forecasts, forum, game theory, generalization, geodesy, geometry, gloss, grading, graphic algebra, group
analysis, group theory, grouping, higher algebra,
higher arithmetic, hyperbolic geometry, hypothesis and
verification, indexing,
individualization,
individuation,
induction, inductive
reasoning, inference,
infinitesimal calculus, inquest, inquirendo, inquiring, inquiring mind,
inquiry, inquisition, inspection, integral
calculus, interpretation,
interpretation of dreams, intuitional geometry, invariant
subalgebra, inverse geometry, investigation, itemization, joint
discussion, judgement,
leader, leading article,
line geometry, linear algebra, logical analysis, logical
discussion, manipulation, mathematical
physics, matrix algebra, mere theory, metageometry, modification, modular
arithmetic, n-tuple linear algebra, natural geometry, nilpotent
algebra, nonlinear calibrations, notice, number theory, open
discussion, open forum, opinion, output measurement,
panel discussion, particularization,
perlustration,
personalization,
philosophical induction, pigeonholing, placement, plane trigonometry,
political arithmetic, processing, projective
geometry, proper subalgebra, psychanalysis, psychoanalysis,
psychoanalytic method, psychoanalytic therapy, psychognosis, psychognosy, psychology of
depths, quaternian algebra, ranging, ranking, rap, rap session, rating, record keeping, reducible
algebra, remark, report, resolution, review, running commentary,
scan, scrutiny, segregation, seminar, separation, set theory,
severalization,
severance, simple
algebra, solid geometry, sorting, specialization, specification, speculation, speculative
geometry, spherical trigonometry, statistics, steering, stratification, study, subalgebra, subdivision, supersonic flow
detection, survey,
syllogism, syllogistic
reasoning, symposium,
synthesis, systems
analysis, tabulation,
taxonomy, the couch,
theoretic, theoretical
basis, theoretics,
theoria, theoric, theorization, theory, topology, town meeting,
treatment, trig, trigonometry, typology, universal algebra,
universal geometry, variation, vector algebra,
ventilation,
view, write-up, zero
algebra