AskDefine | Define analysis

Dictionary Definition

analysis

Noun

1 an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
2 the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations [syn: analytic thinking] [ant: synthesis]
3 a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed
4 the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'
5 a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation
6 a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended psychoanalysis" [syn: psychoanalysis, depth psychology] [also: analyses (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Analysis

English

Etymology

From analysis from ἀνάλυσις from ἀναλύω from ἀνά + λύω.

Noun

  1. The action of taking something apart in order to study it.
  2. The mathematical study of functions, sequences, series, limits, derivatives and integrals.
  3. Proof by deduction from known truths.
  4. The process of breaking a substance down into its constituent parts.
  5. The result of this process.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

action of taking something apart to study it
in mathematics
  • Arabic: تحليل رياضي
  • Chinese: 分析 (fēn xī)
  • Crimean Tatar: talil, analiz
  • Croatian: analiza
  • Czech: analýza
  • Danish: analyse
  • Dutch: analyse
  • Finnish: analyysi
  • French: analyse
  • German: Analysis
  • Greek: ανάλυση (análysi)
  • Hungarian: analízis
  • Japanese: 解析学
  • Norwegian: analyse
  • Polish: analiza
  • Portuguese: análise
  • Spanish: análisis
  • Swedish: analys
logic: proof by deduction from known truths
chemistry: process of breaking a substance down
  • Arabic: تحليل مختبري
  • Crimean Tatar: talil, analiz
  • Croatian: analiza
  • Czech: rozbor, analýza
  • Danish: analyse
  • Dutch: analyse
  • Finnish: analyysi
  • German: Analyse
  • Greek: ανάλυση (análysi)
  • Japanese: 分析
  • Polish: analiza
  • Portuguese: análise
  • Swedish: analys
chemistry: result of this process
  • Arabic: تحليل معملي
  • Crimean Tatar: talil, analiz
  • Croatian: analiza
  • Danish: analyse
  • Dutch: analyse
  • German: Analyse
  • Greek: ανάλυση (análysi)
  • Japanese: 分析
  • Norwegian: analyse
  • Portuguese: análise
  • Swedish: analys

See also

Latin

Etymology

From analysis

Noun

analysis (plural: analyses)
  1. analysis

Extensive Definition

seealso Analytic Analysis (from Greek ἀνάλυσις, "a breaking up") is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better understanding of it. The technique has been applied in the study of mathematics and logic since before Aristotle, though analysis as a formal concept is a relatively recent development.
As a formal concept, the method has variously been ascribed to Ibn al-Haytham, Descartes (Discourse on the Method), Galileo, and Newton, as a practical method of physical discovery.

Use in specific fields

Chemistry

The field of chemistry uses analysis to break down chemical processes and examine chemical reactions between elements of matter. For example, analysis of the concentration of elements is important in managing a nuclear reactor, so nuclear scientists will analyze neutron activation to develop discrete measurements within vast samples. A matrix can have a considerable effect on the way a chemical analysis is conducted and the quality of its results. Analysis can be done manually or with a device. Chemical analysis is an important element of national security among the major world powers with Materials Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) capabilities.

Isotopes

Chemists can use isotopes to assist analysts with issues in anthropology, archeology, food chemistry, forensics, geology, and a host of other questions of physical science. Analysts can discern the origins of natural and man-made isotopes in the study of environmental radioactivity.

Computer science

Economics

Engineering

seealso Engineering analysis Analysts in the field of engineering look at structures, mechanisms, systems and dimensions. Electrical engineers analyze systems in electronics. Life cycles and system failures are broken down and studied by engineers.

Intelligence

seealso Intelligence analysis The field of intelligence employs analysts to break down and understand a wide array of questions. intelligence agencies may use heuristics, inductive and deductive reasoning, social network analysis, dynamic network analysis, link analysis, and brainstorming to sort through problems they face. Military intelligence may explore issues through the use of game theory, Red Teaming, and wargaming. Signals intelligence applies cryptanalysis and frequency analysis to break codes and ciphers. Business intelligence applies theories of competitive intelligence analysis and competitor analysis to resolve questions in the marketplace. Law enforcement intelligence applies a number of theories in crime analysis.

Linguistics

seealso Linguistics Linguistics began with the analysis of Sanskrit; today it looks at individual languages and language in general. It breaks language down and analyzes its component parts: theory, sounds and their meaning, utterance usage, word origins, the history of words, the meaning of words and word combinations, sentence construction, basic construction beyond the sentence level, stylistics, and conversation. It examines the above using statistics and modeling, and semantics. It analyzes language in context of anthropology, biology, evolution, geography, history, neurology, psychology, and sociology. It also takes the applied approach, looking at individual language development and clinical issues.

Literary criticism

  • Analysis (Homer), an influential school of thought in Homeric scholarship in the 19th-20th centuries
  • Psychocriticism, Charles Mauron's method based on Freud's own initial interpretations of literary works such as Hamlet

Mathematics

Music

Philosophy

Psychotherapy

Signal processing

Statistics

  • Analysis of variance (ANOVA), a collection of statistical models and their associated procedures which compare means by splitting the overall observed variance into different parts
  • Meta-analysis, combines the results of several studies that address a set of related research hypotheses
  • Time-series analysis, methods that attempt to understand a sequence of data points spaced apart at uniform time intervals

Other

  • Aura analysis, a technique in which supporters of the method claim that the body's aura, or energy field is analysed
  • Bowling analysis, a notation summarizing a cricket bowler's performance
  • Lithic analysis, the analysis of stone tools using basic scientific techniques
  • Protocol analysis, a means for extracting persons' thoughts while they are performing a task

References

analysis in Catalan: Anàlisi
analysis in German: Analyse#Siehe_auch
analysis in Spanish: Análisis
analysis in French: Analyse
analysis in Korean: 해석학
analysis in Croatian: Analiza
analysis in Indonesian: Analisis
analysis in Ido: Analizo
analysis in Italian: Analisi
analysis in Hebrew: אנליזה
analysis in Latvian: Analīze
analysis in Luxembourgish: Analys
analysis in Macedonian: Анализа
analysis in Dutch: Analyse
analysis in Norwegian: Analyse
analysis in Japanese: 分析
analysis in Polish: Analiza
analysis in Portuguese: Análise
analysis in Russian: Анализ
analysis in Albanian: Analiza
analysis in Simple English: Analysis
analysis in Slovak: Analýza
analysis in Slovenian: Analiza
analysis in Finnish: Analyysi
analysis in Swedish: Analys
analysis in Turkish: Analiz
analysis in Ukrainian: Аналіз

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Baconian method, Boolean algebra, Euclidean geometry, Fourier analysis, Lagrangian function, a fortiori reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, abstraction, accounting, airing, algebra, algebraic geometry, alteration, analytic geometry, anatomization, anatomy, arithmetic, arrangement, assay, associative algebra, atomization, audit, automatic electronic navigation, binary arithmetic, braking, breakdown, breakup, buzz session, calculus, canvassing, cataloging, categorization, change, checkup, circle geometry, circumstantiation, classification, codification, colloquium, comment, commentary, commentation, computation, conference, consideration, coordination, critical review, criticism, critique, debate, debating, decomposition, deduction, deductive reasoning, deliberation, demarcation, depth interview, depth psychology, descriptive geometry, desynonymization, diaeresis, dialectic, dialogue, differencing, differential calculus, differentiation, discrimination, discussion, disequalization, disintegration, disjunction, dissection, distinction, distinguishment, diversification, division, division algebra, doctrinairism, doctrinality, doctrinarity, dream analysis, dream symbolism, editorial, enquiry, epagoge, equivalent algebras, examination, exchange of views, explanation, fact distribution, filing, forecasts, forum, game theory, generalization, geodesy, geometry, gloss, grading, graphic algebra, group analysis, group theory, grouping, higher algebra, higher arithmetic, hyperbolic geometry, hypothesis and verification, indexing, individualization, individuation, induction, inductive reasoning, inference, infinitesimal calculus, inquest, inquirendo, inquiring, inquiring mind, inquiry, inquisition, inspection, integral calculus, interpretation, interpretation of dreams, intuitional geometry, invariant subalgebra, inverse geometry, investigation, itemization, joint discussion, judgement, leader, leading article, line geometry, linear algebra, logical analysis, logical discussion, manipulation, mathematical physics, matrix algebra, mere theory, metageometry, modification, modular arithmetic, n-tuple linear algebra, natural geometry, nilpotent algebra, nonlinear calibrations, notice, number theory, open discussion, open forum, opinion, output measurement, panel discussion, particularization, perlustration, personalization, philosophical induction, pigeonholing, placement, plane trigonometry, political arithmetic, processing, projective geometry, proper subalgebra, psychanalysis, psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic method, psychoanalytic therapy, psychognosis, psychognosy, psychology of depths, quaternian algebra, ranging, ranking, rap, rap session, rating, record keeping, reducible algebra, remark, report, resolution, review, running commentary, scan, scrutiny, segregation, seminar, separation, set theory, severalization, severance, simple algebra, solid geometry, sorting, specialization, specification, speculation, speculative geometry, spherical trigonometry, statistics, steering, stratification, study, subalgebra, subdivision, supersonic flow detection, survey, syllogism, syllogistic reasoning, symposium, synthesis, systems analysis, tabulation, taxonomy, the couch, theoretic, theoretical basis, theoretics, theoria, theoric, theorization, theory, topology, town meeting, treatment, trig, trigonometry, typology, universal algebra, universal geometry, variation, vector algebra, ventilation, view, write-up, zero algebra
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